UNESCO is convinced that no development can be sustainable without a strong cultural component. Indeed, only an approach to development, focused on the human and based on mutual respect and open-minded dialogue between cultures, can lead to sustainable, inclusive and equitable results.
In order to insure that strategies and plans for development take account of culture, an approach in three parts is necessary: UNESCO is the leading advocate for the promotion of culture and development throughout the world, while committing itself to formulating clear policies and legal frameworks with the international community, and working at grass-roots level to assist governments and local actors in the field concerned with safeguarding heritage, promoting creative industries and encouraging cultural pluralism.
UNESCO’s well-known cultural conventions form a unique global platform for international cooperation and establish a complete plan for cultural governance based on human rights and shared values. These international treaties are designed to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage, including archeological sites, underwater cultural heritage, museum collections, intangible heritage such as oral traditions and other forms of heritage, while at the same time encouraging creativity, innovation and the emergence of dynamic areas of culture.
- Convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage(2003)
- Universal declaration on cultural diversity (2001)
- Convention on the protection of underwater cultural heritage (2001)
- Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage (1972)
- Convention on the protection of copyright and neighbouring rights (1952, 1971)
- Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit trafficking of cultural property, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural property(1970)
- Hague Convention on the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict(1954)